Inequality is the challenge of the moment. In Europe and Latin America the concern is how to maintain growth and development with mechanisms able to control the pervasive trend to inequality, in its territorial and socio-economic manifestations. In terms of wealth concentration, Chile is among the most unequal nations in the world. Thus, the question of how to tackle this tendency has been concern of politicians, intellectuals, activists and lay citizens. However, if one changes the perspective, there seems to be no clear consensus regarding the kind of social equity Chileans aspire to attain: What do we talk about when we talk about “social equity” in Chile? What types of social practices do current reforms (taxes, education, labor, etc.) aim at and legitimize? What vision of social equity do social movements put forward and how does it relate to the political agenda? What kind of social equity is underpinning the project of a sustainable Chile? These are some of the questions that will be addressed in this session.